Charles Fourier, a French philosopher specializing in utopian socialism, is considered to have coined the word “feminism” in 1837. The word “feminism” first appeared in France and Netherlands in 1872, Great Britain in the 1890s, and the United States in 1910, and listed by the Oxford English Dictionary in 1852 – considered the year of the first appearance of the word feminist – “feminist “and 1895 for feminism -” feminism “. Depending on historical, cultural and national time, feminists around the world have different motivations and goals. Most history of the Western feminist movement asserts that all movements motivated to exercise women’s rights should be considered feminists, even if they did not. This term is meant to describe them. Other historians claim that this term should be limited to modern feminist movements and its descendants. These historians use the label “protofeminist” to describe earlier feminist movements.
The history of the modern Western feminist movement is divided into three “waves.” Each one deals with different aspects of feminism issues equally. The first wave included the women’s suffrage movement in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, promoting women’s suffrage. The second wave is combined with the ideas and actions of the women’s liberation movement that began in the 1960s. The second wave advocates for legal and social equality for women. The third wave is a continuation of, and a response to, the cognitive failures of the previous two waves of feminism, and dates back to the 1990s.